Church Authority has always been accepted by Christians. The Church founded by the Apostles is the one with Authority. Most sources Agree that this church called itself "Catholic" from the earliest days, and at the Council of Nice A.D. 325, years before the bible canon was complete, it called itself the "Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church".

Church Authority was used to compile the bible in 393 A.D., following the process of Acts 15, where the church decided to interpret the scriptures against Circumcision (which seemed clearly commanded by some).

Some sources on Church Authority include

 

http://kindstuff.scripturelink.net/bibleonbaptism

http://kindstuff.scripturelink.net/theCatholicequation

http://search.scripturelink.net/scripturalproofs

http://search.scripturelink.net/whyimCatholic

http://kindstuff.scripturelink.net/denomination2